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Seamanship and Navigation

International signals used by ships at sea, used to spell out short messages, or used individually or in combination each with a special meaning. Also used to dress a ship for ceremonial and festive occasions (protocol) There are also numeric pennants, answering pennants


A-Alpha

B-Bravo

C-Charlie

D-Delta

E-Echo
diver below (when stationary); 
I am undergoing a speed trial
 I am taking on or discharging explosives affirmative
keep clear of me, I am maneuvering with difficulty I am altering my course to starboard


F-Foxtrot

G-Golf

H-Hotel

I-India

J-Juliet
I am disabled, communicate with me I require a pilot I have a pilot on board I am altering my course to port I am going to send a message by semaphore


K-Kilo

L-Lima

M-Mike

N-November

O-Oscar
you should stop your vessel instantly
you should stop, I have something important to communicate I have a doctor on board no (negative) man overboard


P-Papa

Q-Quebec

R-Romeo

S-Sierra

T-Tango
all aboard, vessel is about to proceed sea. 
(At sea) your lights are out or burning badly
 my vessel is healthy and I request free practique  the way is off my ship. You may feel you way past me my engines are going full speed astern do not pass ahead of me


U-Uniform

V-Victor

W-Whiskey

X-X-ray

Y-Yankee
you are standing into danger  require assistance 
(not in distress)
I require medical assistance  stop carrying out your intentions and watch for my signals I am carrying mail


Z-Zulu

repeater 1

repeater 2

repeater 3
to be used to address or call shore stations The first repeater repeats the upper flag or pennant of a hoist, the second repeater
repeats the second flag or pennant, and so on.

  

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